加拿大28彩票

2020丨公元420年代,他为何要为《三国志》作注?
2020年4月26日 08:49

  benqitiyao

  gongyuan429nian,peisongzhi《sanguozhizhu》chengshu。chenshou《sanguozhi》xushipoweijianlve。peisongzhidezhuboyindianji,guangzengyiwen,buchongzhongduozhongyaoshishi,dadafengfulehoushiduisanguolishiderenshi。tongshi,peizhuhaikaichuanglexindezhushitili,baocunledaliangweijinshiqidelishizhuzuo,fanyinglezhongguogudaishixuefazhanzhuangdadeguocheng。qixueshugongxian,zaishixuezhushizuopinzhongshiduyiwuerde。

加拿大28彩票   gongyuan420niandaidezuihouyinian,yejinanchaoliusongyuanjialiunian,peisongzhiwanchengsongwendizhidingdeweichenshou《sanguozhi》zuozhuderenwu,《sanguozhizhu》zhengshichengshu。songwendilanduzhihou,chengzanshuo: “ciweibuxiuyi。”chengruciyan,peisongzhi《sanguozhizhu》kaichuangxindezhushitili,boyindianji,guangzengyiwen,buchongzhongduo《sanguozhi》shizaidezhongyaoshishi,shirenmennenggouduisanguolishiyougengweixiangjindelejie,queshishiyibuchuanshijingdian。tongshi,suitangyihou,daliangweijinshiqidelishizhuzuosanyi,erzheixiezhuzuoyin《sanguozhizhu》dezhuyincaideyibaocunliuchuan。jintianjiecifangnengtanzhiweijinshixuededatifengmao,lijiezhongguogudaishixuefazhanzhuangdadeguiji。peizhudegongjiyincijiuxiandegengbukemomiele。

 

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  裴松之《上三国志注表》

 

  chenshou《sanguozhi》chengshuyuxijintaikangnianjian(gongyuan280—289nian)。hanjinzhijidexuefeng,chongshangqingjian。《sanguozhi》shouciyingxiang,xushishangzhuiqiujianyuejingshen。quanshufen《weishu》sanshijuan、《shushu》shiwujuanhe《wushu》ershijuan,jisanshiliuwanduozi,xushuwei、shu、wusanguolishijiqifuzahudonglicheng,jianjieninglian,haowurongzazhigan。guwenshizhihou,shenshoushirenzanyuhetuizhong: “shirenchengqishanxushi,youliangshizhicai。”danjingguoyibaiduonian,daojinsongzhiji,xueshufengqifashengbianhua。renmengengzhongshizhishidefengfuyuxiangbei。youxuezheshenzhiyong“zhishizhishang”laigaikuonanchaoxuefengdetedian。xuefengzhuanbian,liusongshirendui《sanguozhi》depingjiajiubutongle,jianyuefanerchengweiquedian,renweicishu“shizaiyulve,shiyousuotuolou”。jiazhi《sanguozhi》chengshuhou,youyoubushaofanyingsanguolishidezhuzuoyongxian,chenshou《sanguozhi》suibunengmanzuliusongshirenxiangjinzhangwosanguolishideyaoqiu。zhengshizaizheigebeijingxia,songwendiyuyuanjiawunian(gongyuan428nian)xiazhaopeisongzhi,rangtawei《sanguozhi》zuozhu。

  peisongzhi(gongyuan372—451nian),zishiqi,zujihedongwenxi(jinshanxiwenxi)。tachushengaomen,ershisuijiuzuoledongjindedianzhongjiangjun。liusongjianli,talirenqingyaoguan。wendishiweizhongshushilang、sijierzhoudazhongzheng。peisongzhiyongleyinianzuoyoudeshijian,jigaoxiaowancheng“fengzhixunxiang”degongzuo。jutongji,peizhuyinshu“jingbuershierjia,shibuyibaisishierjia,zibuershisanjia,jibuershisanjia,fanerbaiyishijia”,zhuwenduodasanshierwanzi,jinbi《sanguozhi》zhengwenshaosiwanyuzi。keweiqucaihongfu,yonggongshenqin。peizhudeneirong,anzhaopeisongzhizijideshuofa,zhuyaofenweibuque、beiyi、chengwanghelunbiansilei。

 

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  裴松之注《三国志·武帝纪》

 

  suoweibuque,jiushibuchong《sanguozhi》jizaijianlvehuoyilouderenheshi。jutishuolai,jiushiqingdai《sikuquanshuzongmutiyao》suoyan: “chuan(ji《sanguozhi》)suoyouzhishi,xiangqiweiqu;chuansuowuzhishi,buqiqueyi;chuansuoyouzhiren,xiangqishengping;chuansuowuzhiren,fuyitonglei。”zheileizhuwenzuiduo,gouchengpeizhudezhuti,duiyushenrulejiesanguolishi,shijiweizhongyaode。rucaoweituntian,shicaoweijiejuejunxukunjinghejingjiwentideguanjianzhidu。chenshoujizaipoweijianlve,fenbiezai《weishu·wudiji》he《renjunchuan》,zongjiyongwushisizixushu。erpeizhuyinyongwangshen《weishu》,buchongyibaisishiqizi,quanmianjilucaoweituntiandebeijing、guochenghexiaoguo。yourucaocaodejiananershiernian(gongyuan207nian)bayueling,shicaocaobujupinxingyizhaolanrencaidezhongyaojucuo。《sanguozhi》bingweijizai,erpeizhuyinwangshen《weishu》zuolebuchong。zairucaopi《yuwuzhishu》,shijiananwenxuemingpian。《sanguozhi》suolubuguoerbaizi,erpeizhuxiangyinyuhuan《weilve》,suozaiduodababaiyuzi。zairuwangbishizhengshixuanxuededaibiao,《sanguozhi》jinyiershisanzijizhi。peizhuyinheshao《wangbichuan》buqishengpingyuxueshuo,yinzhanghua《bowuzhi》jieshaojiashi,yinsunsheng《weishichunqiu》fanyingshirenpingjia,weihoushiyanjiuweijinxuanxue,tigonglezhongyaoshiliao。jichuantishishu,renshilinghun。peizhuhaibuchonglesishierge《sanguozhi》weicengtijiderenwu,zheiqizhongjiuyouzhumingdefamingjiamajun。zhengshicongpeizhuzhong,jianada28caipiaodezhitafaminglezhilingji,zhizaoguozhinanche。

  suoweibeiyi,jiushibaocunbutongjizai。suoweichengwang,jiushikaobianqiewuzhichu。peisongzhiyibanshizai《sanguozhi》suoxushishixia,buyinqitashijideyishuo,zaiyi“peisongzhian”dexingshi,kaobianchenshouhuoqitashijiadeewu,yiqiumingquelishizhenxiang。ruzhugeliangyuliubeichucixiangjianzhishi,《sanguozhi》suozaiweiliubei“yi(zhuge)liang,fansanwang,naijian”。danyuhuan《weilve》、simabiao《jiuzhouchunqiu》suoxubutong,yanqiweizhugeliangzhudongbaifangliubei。peishijiang《weilve》jizailieruzhuzhong,ciweibeiyi。peishijinerduicishuojiayibianxi,juzhugeliang《chushibiao》“xiandibuyichenbeibi,weiziwangqu,sanguchenyucaoluzhizhong,zichenyidangshizhishi”,zhiming“feiliangxianyibei”,ciweichengwang。xianran,beiyiyubuquexingzhixiangtong,shuyushiliaodesoujizhengli。erchengwangzeshishishidekaozhengyuyanjiu。

 

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  敦煌写本《三国志·步骘传》

 

加拿大28彩票   suoweilunbian,zhuyaozhipeisongzhigerendeshishiyilun、renwupingjiaheshixuepiping。peisongzhizuozhu,chuzengguangshishizhiwai,haiyouyigezhongyaomude: “zongkuoqianzong,yixunhoushi”,yejiushijiqulishijingyanjiaoxun。peishijingchangtongguozipinghuoyinyongtarenpinglunlaifabiaoduishishirenwudekanfa。rujiananshisannian(gongyuan208nian),caocaogongqujingzhouhou,yudongxiaxiaomiesunwu。mouchenjiaxulingyouzhuzhang,renweiburuanfujingzhoubaixing,shizhiantuleye,zewuxuzhengzhanersunwuzifu。chenshouxushishuo: “taizubucong,junsuiwuli。”biaomingchenshishizantongjiaxude。peisongzhiquebuyiweiran。tapipingshuo: “chensongzhiyiweixuzhicimou,weihedangshizhiyi。”jiezhequanmianfenxidangshidegejuxingshi,zhichucishiweishixiantongyizhiliangji,caocaonanxiamiesunwudexingdong,“feishisuanye。(jia)xuzhicigui,weiwudangyi。”jintiankanlai,peizhuzhongcileiduirenwushishideyilun,poduobaoshouyufuzhijian。danpeisongzhiduiyuweijinshixuezhuzuodepiping,queshihenyoudaolide。

  peisongzhiduiweijinshiqidedaduoshizhudoubumanyi,douyoupipan。tatebieqiangdiaoshishuying“zhishushilu”。genjuzheiyizhunze,peishipipingyuhuan《weilve》you“wangshuo”,xiecheng《houhanshu》you“wangji”,wangyin《jinshu》you“xushuo”,ganbao《jinji》you“shumiu”,zhangzhi《wenshichuan》“xuweiwangzuo”。duiyulezi《shanyanggongzaiji》heyuanwei《xiandichunqiu》,peishidepipanyouweijianrui,shuotamen“qingnonghanmo,wangshengyiduan”,shi“shijizhizuiren”。duiyuchenshou《sanguozhi》,peishiyebingbushouruan,pipingtazhuanshuleichuanzhishi,meiyoujianchi“yishileixiangcong”deyuanze,daozhi“yeguang”(yueguang)yu“zhengzhu”(huoju)tongchuan,“shiqileiyi”。peisongzhitongguocileizhuwen,biaodaletaduishishuzhuanshuyuanzehezhuanshutilidedudaojianjie。

  zongtilaikan,peizhubujinzengbulishijizai,erqiekaozhenglishizhenxiang,taolunshizhudeshi。zheizhongzhushiquxiang,shiciqianmeiyouguode。

加拿大28彩票   jianada28caipiaoguozidonghanshiqiqi,zhujianyouduilishizhuzuodezhushi。tilishang,shishuzhushiyizhishoujingshuzhushiyingxiang,neirongzhuyaojuxianyuyinyijieshi、mingwuxungu。bulunshixuguangzhu《shiji》,haishifuqian、yingshao、weizhao、jinzhuo、caimozhu《hanshu》,doushiruci。erpeizhujiangzhushizhongdianzhuanzhilishishishidezengbuhekaodingshang,zheidengyubaituojingzhufanshi,kaichuanglexindezhushitili。tongshi,qiyiyihaibuzhiyuci。youyuzhujingyuzhushibutong,zhujingshiweichanshiyili,mingwuxungujikedadaomude。zhushizeshiweitanminglishizhenxiang,jinyoumingwuxungushiyuanyuanbugoude。yinci,peizhuyizengguangshishiweizhushiquxiang,zheishijishangyiweizheshixuetuolijingxueerhuodeduli。

  jintianjianada28caipiaotijigudaidianjidefenleifangfa,zuishuxizhemoguoyu“jing、shi、zi、ji”sibu。zheigefenleizhong,“shi”judier,feichangxianyan。danshibuqudezheigeweizhi,youzheyigehoulaijushangdefazhanguocheng。xihanshiqi,liuxiangliuxinfuzixiaodinghuangjiatushu,biandingzongmulu,chengwei《qilve》。qizhongyou《liuyilve》《zhuzilve》《shifulve》deng,quegenbenmeiyoushishudeduliweizhi。《zhanguoce》《shiji》dengdoubeilieru《liuyi》zhi“《chunqiu》”jia,chuyujingshudeluanyizhixia。daolexijin,mishujianxunxubian《zhongjingxinbu》,tajiangqunshufenweijia、yi、bing、dingsibu,qizhongbingbuyoushiji、jiushideng。shixuecaibaituojingxuefuyongdediwei,kaishidulichengweiyigemenlei。dongjinshizhuzuolanglichonglidingsibu,diaozhengxunxucixu: wujingweijiabu,shijiweiyibu,zhuziweibingbu,shifuweidingbu。shishushengge,chengwei“yibuzhixue”。zheizhongdiaozhengbei《suishu·jingjizhi》jicheng,bingyong“jing、shi、zi、ji”qudai“jia、yi、bing、ding”,yizhiyanxizhiqing。shixueheyizailiangjinshiqidulini?zuizhongyaodeyuanyin,jiushiweijinshiqichuxianledaliangdeshixuezhuzuo。yezhengshiyikaozheixieshizhu,peisongzhicainengshixianzhushitilidetupo。shixuededuliyushizhudeduli,budiaoshixiangyizhide。jintian,jianada28caipiaoyuedupeisongzhi《sanguozhizhu》hetasuobaocundeweijinshizhu,hainengganshoudaozheizhongbudiao。

  (benlanmuzongzhuangaoweibuxianqun,benqizuozheweishandongshifandaxuelishiwenhuaxueyuanlianwen)

  dashiji

  gongyuan420nian

  liuyue,jingongdishanweiyusongwangliuyu,liuyuchengdi,jianliliusong,gaiyuanyongchu,gai《taishili》wei《yongchuli》。

  gongyuan421nian

  beiliangguozhujuqumengxunjingongdunhuang,xiliangguozhulixunzisha,xiliangwang。xiyuzhuguojiechengchenchaoheyumengxun。

加拿大28彩票   songwudiliuyushajingongdi。

  gongyuan422nian

加拿大28彩票   songwudiliuyubeng,yitandaoji、xuxianzhi、fuliang、xiehuiweigumingdachen,taiziyifujiwei,shiweisongshaodi。

  beiweinanqin,kehuatai(jinhenanhuaxianfujin),xianqing、yanzhujun(jinshandongxibu、henanbeibuyidai),jinbihulao(jinhenanyingyangxinanbu)。

  gongyuan423nian

加拿大28彩票   beiweixianluoyang(jinhenanluoyang),kehulao,jusi、yan、yuzhujun(jinhenandongnan,shandongxinanyidai),yixuchang(jinhenanxuchang)erhai。

加拿大28彩票   beiweimingyuandituobasibeng,zituobadaojiwei,shiweitaiwudi。

  gongyuan425nian

  beiweiqianshiyusong,liangchaotonghao。

  daxiaguozhuhelianbobosi,taizichangjiwei,gaiyuanchengguang。

  beiweiwulubingjinfarouran,rouranbuluodajing,juejibeizou。

  gongyuan429nian

  beiweitaiwudizhaocuihaodengxuxiuguoshi,xucheng《guoshu》sanshijuan。

  songwendimingpeisongzhizhu《sanguozhi》,qiyue,shuchengzoushang。

来源:加拿大28彩票_加拿大28开奖官方-官方推荐 中央纪委国家监委网站

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